Top 10 Natural Disasters to Mankind

Lately news about devastating wildfires in California has made its way around the world earlier this year Australia also suffered from some horrendous bushfires.

Every now and then cities or entire countries get struck by natural or man-made disasters, it can be hard to estimate the total damage caused by a disaster.

One reason is that many disasters such as atomic catastrophes have long-term effects in this blog we are presenting you with the list of the 10 most expensive disasters that ever happened.

These disasters are not only cost the lives of many people but also cause substantial financial damage  we would love to welcome you to our community all right let's start 

10.Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill:

Number 10 is the deepwater skyline oil slick of 2010. this modern catastrophe began in April 2010 in The Gulf of Mexico on the British petroleum worked my condominium prospect an oil and gas prospect off the shoreline of Louisiana.

it is considered the largest marine oil spill in history and was estimated to have discharged 4.9million barrels of oil into the ocean after several failed efforts to contain the flow the well was finally declared sealed in September 2010.

Due to the months-long spill, extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and the fishing and tourism industries were reported cost-cutting decisions.

And an inadequate safety system was blamed for the spill and bp and the department of justice agreed to a record-setting 4.5 billion us dollars in fines and other payments overall cleanup costs charges and penalties have cost the company more than 65 billion us dollars.

09.Australian Bushfire:

Australian Bushfire
Australian Bushfire (Source: Unsplash)

Number nine the Australian bushfire season of 2019 and 2020 also called the black summer keep in mind that Australia's summer is during our winter this bushfire season was a period of unusually intense bushfires.

In many parts of Australia throughout the summer, hundreds of fires were burning and the major fires peaked from December until January of January 2020.

NASA estimated that 306 million tons of co2 had been emitted and as of March 2020 the fires burned an estimated 18.6 million hectares or 46million acres or 186 000 square kilometers and killed something like 34 individuals.

Economists estimate that the Australian bushfires may cost over 75 billion us dollars in property damage and economic losses making the bushfires Australia's costliest natural disaster ever.

08. Hurricane sandy:

Number 8 hurricane sandy inflicting nearly 76 billion us dollars in damage it was the second-costliest hurricane on records in the united states.

when it happened in 2012.sandy was a category 3 storm and costed the lives of at least 233 people, the hurricane developed from a tropical wave in the western Caribbean season is the 22nd of October and 2012.

On the 25th of October, sandy hit Cuba and later moved through the Bahamas with a maximum speed of around 115 miles per hour or 185 kilometers per hour.

It affected 24 states and even came as far up north as Canada because of the exceptional damage and deaths caused by the storm in many countries the name sandy was subsequently resigned by the world meteorological association and won't ever be utilized again for a North Atlantic tropical storm.

07. Hurricane Irma:

Hurricane Irma
Hurricane Irma (Source: Unsplash)

Number 7 hurricane Irma this extremely powerful category 5cap world hurricane caused widespread destruction across its path in September 2017. 

Particularly in the northeastern Caribbean and the Florida key catastrophic damage was caused by Irma developed from a tropical wave near the Cape Verde islands in august 2017 and favorable conditions allowed Irma to grow rapidly.

On the 6th of September Irma peaked with winds of 180 miles per hour or 285kilometers per an hour and ultimately dissipated on the 13th of September over Missouri the name Irma was also retired from the rotating naming list due to the extensive amounts of damage and loss of life caused the hurricane caused at least 134 deaths and is estimated to have costed a total of 77 billion us dollars.

06. Hurricane Maria:

Number 6 hurricane maria another category 5 hurricane that happened in September 2017 and devastated the northeastern Caribbean originating from a tropical wave maria became a tropical storm.

On the 16th of September until it reached category 5 a few days later maria achieved its peak intensity over the eastern Caribbean sea with maximum wind speeds of 175 miles per hour or 280 kilometers per hour.

Moving slowly to the north maria gradually degraded and finally dissipated on the 2nd of October maria brought catastrophic devastation to Dominica.

Which suffered an island right communication blackout much of the housing stock and infrastructure was left beyond repair, Puerto Rico also suffered catastrophically damage and a major humanitarian crisis the total death toll is estimated to be 3059 from which 2975 were killed in Puerto Rico alone total losses from the Hurricanes are estimated at 92 billion us dollars.

05. Category 4 Hurricane:

Number five is another hurricane has this category 4 hurricane caused catastrophic flooding and is estimated to have inflicted 125 billion us dollars in damage.

In August 2017 primarily from flooding the Houston metropolitan area in southeast texas developed from a tropical wave to the east of the lesser ant hills.

Harvey became a tropical storm on the 17th of august before rapidly intensifying to the status of a hurricane on the 24th of August in a four day period many areas received more than 40 inches or 1 meter of rain with peak accumulations of 60 inches or 1.5 meters in Netherlands texas making Harvey the wettest tropical cyclone on record in the united states.

After drifting the storm quickly weakened before dissipating in addition to the huge cost it caused Harvey to cost approximately 107 lives causing the name Harvey to be retired it won't be utilized for another Atlantic typhoon.

04. Hurricane Katrina:

Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina (Source: Unsplash)

Number 4 Hurricane Katrina was the most expensive hurricane ever was a large category 5 The Atlantic hurricane caused over 1800 deaths and cost around 150 billion dollars in total Katrina originated.

On the 23rd of Augustin 2005 and made landfall in Helendale beach on the 25th of august the storm then strengthened to a category 5 hurricane over the warm waters of The Gulf of Mexico before weakening to category 3 over Over Over the southeast Louisiana and Mississippi.

The highest wind speed was measured at175 miles per hour or280 kilometers per hour flooding affected around 80 percent of the city of New Orleans and destroyed most of its transportation and communication facilities.

Leaving tens of thousands of people with little access to food shelter or basic necessities the emergency response from federal, state, and local governments were widely criticized because of the large death toll and destruction the name Katrina was officially retired.

03. Sichuan Earthquake:

Number three the 2008 Sichuan earthquake also known as the Great Sichuan earthquake or Wenchuan earthquake this earthquake occurred on the 12th of May in 2008 and had a magnitude of 7.9 on the Richter scale its epicenter was located 80 kilometersor 50 mileswest northwest of Chengdu.

And led to surface displacements of several meters strong aftershocks continued to hit the area up to several months after the main shocker 69 000 people lost their lives in the quake374 000 were reported injured and18 000 were listed as missing as of July 2008. The total damage is estimated at around176 a billion us dollars.

02. Hanshin Earthquake:

Hanshin Earthquake
Hanshin Earthquake (Source: Unsplash)

Number two is another earthquake was the great Hanshin earthquake of 1995 which occurred on the 17th of January in the southern part of japan measured 6.9 on the moment magnitude scale and cost about 6 400 lives.

Among other major cities cobra with its population of 1.5 million was the closest to the epicenter and was hit by the strongest tremors the great hench in the earthquake was an inland shallow earthquake that occurred along active tectonic gaps the south side of the Kojima tectonic plate moved 1.5 meters to the right and 1.2 meters downwards damage.

Included nearly 400 000 destroyed buildings numerous elevated road and rail bridges and destruction of 120 of the 150 keys in the port of Kobe, the earthquake also triggered around 300 fire disruptions of water electricity and gas supplies.

The aftershocks lasted several days the total damage is estimated to be around 200 billion us dollars.

01. Tsunami:

Tsunami (Source: Unsplash)

and finally number one the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in northern Japan on the 11th of march an undersea earthquake of a 9.0 magnitude struck off the east coast of won't be utilized for another Atlantic typhoon.

It was the most impressive tremor at any point recorded in Japan and the fourth most remarkable quake on the planet since the time 1900 the accompanying the torrent arrived at floods of up to 40.5 meters or 133 feet in stature and went at 700 kilometers each hour or, 435 miles each hour.

Residents of Sendai was only around 8 to 10 minutes beforehand more than 100 evacuation sites were washed away according to the latest report from the Japanese National police agency 15 899 people died 6157 people were injured and 2 2529 people are still reported missing.

Both the earthquake and the tsunami also caused extensive damage to roads and railways as well as fires and the dam collapse the tsunami also caused a nuclear meltdown and three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear powerplant complex which caused an evacuation of over 200000 residents.

Radioactive iodine was detected in the tap water and surrounding areas and many radioactive hotspots were found outside the evacuation zone including in Tokyo in the aftermath Germany accelerated plans to close its nuclear power reactors and decided to phase out its last nuclear plant by 2022. 

The world bank's estimated economic cost was 235 billion us dollars making it the costliest disaster in history.


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